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A Reference Model for Smart Home Environment: Functions, Deployment and Semantics
Along with the proliferation of smart home solutions, Smart Home Environment (SHE) has been constantly evolving with diverse functions and services to improve households’ living experiences. Consequently, a global view of SHE is desired to represent the characteristics of the ever-changing domain for both solution adoption and innovation purposes. In this paper, we present a reference model of SHE aiming at capturing the environmental characteristics by leveraging the quick evolution pace of the environment and the model abstraction level. The reference model consists of three views i.e., functional view, deployment view and ontological view organized following the middle-out methodology. The functional view firstly presents the hardware components and software features necessary to build modern SHE, and then the deployment view and ontological view are introduced to respectively describe the deployment structure in lower level and the semantic technology for SHE in higher level. The objective of the paper is to provide, from a service provider perspective, a common understanding of SHE for household adoption, better industry positioning and research innovation.