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Open Innovation at University: A Systematic Literature Review
The aim of this paper is to describe the role of open innovation at universities around the world through a systematic literature review (SLR). The research was a methodology for SLR applied to engineer and education. The SLR selected 61 documents in the Scopus database. The obtained results allow us to identify why universities use open collaborative networks to link industry and academics through projects, link the triple helix model in their practices (spin-off), and through policies and strategies, organizations develop open innovation, while universities develop curricular strategies. Finally, university-enterprise financing is considered important for the development of products and services, preserving intellectual property.