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Leadership and Technology: concepts and questions
In recent decades there has been a transformation based on economic, social, cultural and political integration between countries, guided and fueled by the increasingly frenetic scientific and technical progress. Globalization triggers a new social and work paradigm in which it is possible to communicate and in-teract at any time, from anywhere, in person or virtually, making the organi-zational configurations Volatile, Uncertain, Complex and Ambiguous. That is, VUCA. In this context, leadership processes are increasingly mediated by technology. Hence the concepts of e-leadership, e-leader and virtual team, whose conception gravitates around technology, as a facilitator of communi-cation, interaction, development and task sharing. This reality is now press-ing, with everything indicating that it will become even more prevalent in the future. Hence, developing research that explores the dynamics underlying the interdependent relationship between these elements is fundamental. This paper explores the literature regarding the role of technology in leadership. It seeks to contribute to the theoretical clarity regarding this topic and identify relevant questions to the discussion of what is and will be, one of the biggest debates of the 21st century. E-leadership is the process by which a leader guides and motivates followers through technology. This requires leaders to be communication-oriented, supportive, promote confidence building and to be capable of creating a stable environment. Gaps in literature show that there is a lot more to know about this topic, and that is urgent to address it so organizations stay competitive.