WorldCIST'13 -The 2013 World Conference on Information Systems and Technologies

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Towards a Conceptual Framework for Early Warning Information Systems (EWIS) for Crisis Preparedness

Mohamed Saad
Faculty of Computers and Information
Egypt

Hegazy Zaher
French University in cairo
Egypt

Sherif Mazen
Faculty of Computers and Information
Egypt

Ehaz Ezzat
Faculty of Computers and Information
Egypt

Abstract:
This paper highlights the need of many organizations nowadays for having early warning information systems that can predict the future and help them prevent crises or reduce their negative effects. The early warning information systems should be established on a reliable and consistent framework. The methods and frameworks currently available are mostly deterministic, overly simplified, or inconsistent in application and assumption, which make them unreliable or impractical. The goal of this paper is twofold. Firstly, it introduces a new trend in the early warning field; as it provides guidelines for system analysts and designers, system engineers, communities of experts, and local or regional communities seeking to deal with crisis or disaster information systems. The second goal is to propose and describe a novel framework for early warning information systems that can be adapted to the dynamic needs of the field of crisis management, and can also be used efficiently in the crisis preparedness process. For one thing, through this framework we will be able to express which tasks should be performed, how one task depends on or is related to another, and when and under which circumstances a particular task should be performed. Finally, the paper will describe a case study in the law enforcement sector as a proof-of-concept for the conceptual framework; the case study will demonstrate both the theoretical and practical approaches.

 

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